Open research is research, conducted in the spirit of free and open source software. If the research is scientific in nature it is frequently referred to as open science; open research can also include social sciences and the humanities.
Much like open source schemes that are built around a source code that is made public, the central theme of open research is to make clear accounts of the methodology, along with data and results extracted therefrom, freely available via the Internet. This permits a massively distributed collaboration.
Most open research is conducted in existing research groups. Primary research data are posted which can be added to/interpreted by anybody who has the necessary expertise and who can therefore join the collaborative effort. Thus the 'end product' of the project arises from many contributions rather than the effort of one group. Open research is therefore distinct from open access in that the output of open research is mutable. Issues of copyright are dealt with by either standard copyright or by releasing the content under licenses such as one of the Creative Commons Licence or one of the GNU General Public Licenses.
In June 2008 The Open Source Science Project was launched in Michigan to invite members of the internet community to directly fund scientific research projects in exchange for researchers publishing their insights and research data under a Creative Commons license. In September 2008 the Open Source Drug Discovery Network was launched in India to combat infectious diseases common to developing countries.
While first attempts towards opening research primarily aimed at opening scientific data, methodologies, software and publications now increasingly also other artifacts of the scientific work-cycles are tackled, such as scientific meta-data and funding ideas .
- Open peer review
- Open Innovation
- Open Data
- Open education
- Science Commons
- The Orb Project
- Open Notebook Science
- ↑ Article on open access and open research in Chemistry
- ↑ Usefulchem
- ↑ The Synaptic Leap
- ↑ Article in the American Chemical Society's magazine C&E News on Open Research
- ↑ Article in Australian Journal of Chemistry on The Synaptic Leap
- ↑ http://OpenResearch.org
- ↑ Auer, S.; Braun-Thürmann, H.: Towards Bottom-Up, Stakeholder-Driven Research Funding - Open Source Funding, Open Peer Review. In Peer Review Reviewed: The International Career of a Quality-control Instrument and New Challenges 24-25 April 2008, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB), Berlin.
- OpenResearch.org - a semantic Wiki aiming to collect scientific meta-data such as about calls for papers, tools, journals etc.
- Philoptima.org - Open Research Marketplace & Community.
- Open Source Drug Discovery Blog - Open Source Drug Discovery Blog is the official Blog of the Indian Open Source Drug Discovery Initiative .
- IdeaSpace Blog - !Space is the experimental ideaBlog at the Open Source Drug Discovery Network .
- OpenScience - OpenScience Archive of E-theses and Dissertation Metadata is a part of the Open Source Drug Discovery Initiative .
- Open Source Drug Discovery (OSDD) Network
- TBrowse Integrative Map of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
- SysBorg TB Portal for Collaborative Research
- The GNU Free Documentation License or GFDL is the licence used for the open-research content associated with Meta Collab.
- OpenScience.org - an organization that creates free and Open Source scientific software and advocates Open Science.
- MIT's open source research community is another example of open research.
- UsefulChem is an example of Open Notebook Science mainly focussed on the synthesis and testing of anti-malarial compounds
- The Synaptic Leap Open Research organisation in biomedical science, currently focussing on neglected tropical diseases.
- SCRIBE - an interdisciplinary and open research group on computer-aided searches by similarity of handwritings in digitized music manuscripts.
- designbreak - open science and engineering non-profit, with a focus on interdisciplinary collaboration to address issues of health and poverty.
- OpenScientists.org - network of open scientists, hosted on wikiversity
- Science Commons - a branch of the Creative Commons process specifically dedicated to open science and research.
- Open Source Drug Discovery Foundation - Open Source Drug Discovery Foundation is an international non-profit foundation based in India to accelerate drug discovery for infectious diseases.
- Public Library of Science (PLoS)
- Collective Tuning - open collaborative wiki-based project to develop intelligent self-tuning adaptive computing systems based on statistical and machine learning techniques.
- Universal platform for statistical and mathematical computing
- ClusTIC - open innovation social network that takes research and development to a new stage.*