Heart disease

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Heart disease is an umbrella term for a variety of different diseases affecting the heart. As of 2007, it is the leading cause of death in the United States, England, Canada and Wales, National Statistics Press Release 25th May 2006 killing one person every 34 seconds in the United States alone.


Contents

Types of heart disease

Coronary Heart Disease

Main Article: Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary Heart Disease is one of the most prevalent diseases in the United States, which occurs when coronary circulation fails to supply adequate oxygen circulation to the cardiac muscle and surrounding tissue. Currently, coronary heart disease is one of the leading causes of death in the United States and the United Kingdom. <ref>citation needed</ref>

'Cardiomyopathy '

Cardiomyopathy literally means "heart muscle disease" (Myo= muscle, pathy= disease) It is the deterioration of the function of the myocardium (i.e., the actual heart muscle) for any reason. People with cardiomyopathy are often at risk of arrhythmia and/or sudden cardiac death.

'Cardiovascular disease '

Cardiovascular disease is any of a number of specific diseases that affect the heart itself and/or the blood vessel system, especially the veins and arteries leading to and from the heart. Research on disease dimorphism suggests that women who suffer with cardiovascular disease usually suffer from forms that affect the blood vessels while men usually suffer from forms that affect the heart muscle itself. Known or associated causes of cardiovascular disease include diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperhomocysteinemia and hypercholesterolemia.

Types of cardiovascular disease include:

Ischaemic heart disease

  • Ischaemic heart disease - another disease of the heart itself, characterized by reduced blood supply to the organs.

Heart failure

Heart failure, also called congestive heart failure (or CHF), and congestive cardiac failure (CCF), is a condition that can result from any structural or functional cardiac disorder that impairs the ability of the heart to fill with or pump a sufficient amount of blood throughout the body.

Hypertensive heart disease

Hypertensive heart disease is heart disease caused by high blood pressure, especially localised high blood pressure. Conditions that can be caused by hypertensive heart disease include:

Inflammatory heart disease

Inflammatory heart disease involves inflammation of the heart muscle and/or the tissue surrounding it.

Valvular heart disease

Valvular heart disease is any disease process involving one or more valves of the heart. The valves in the right side of the heart are the tricuspid valve and the pulmonic valve. The valves in the left side of the heart are the mitral valve and the aortic valve.

See also

External links

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License It uses material from the Wikipedia article Heart Disease

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